Commonly asked questions by people learning about Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) are –

What is guided discovery?
Is it about the therapist directing the client?
Is Socratic dialogue the same thing as guided discovery?
How do I offer guided discovery?

One thing for sure, is that the concept often feels overwhelming when we first try this type of approach.

My view point is that, guided discovery, can be one of the most beneficial interventions used within CBT. In a nut-shell, guided discovery is a process that a therapist uses to help his or her client reflect on the way that they process information. Through the processes of answering questions or reflecting on thinking processes, a range of alternative thinking is opened up for each client. This alternative thinking forms the blueprint for changing perceptions and behaviours.

Essentially, it could be suggested that a client approaching a CBT therapist is initially functioning at a mindless level. This is not to say that a client is ignorant or not able to think. Rather, that the client has a range of automatic cognitive processes that are being allowed to run without intervention. Some of these thinking processes may have been developed in childhood, while others may directly result from an immediate mood state.

A useful analogy for guided discovery is to think about going to an opticians for an eye test. The optician may initially put a contraption on their clients head with a range of lenses on it. Initially, their clients cannot see through this contraption very well (i.e., what they perceive is a blur). The optician then sets about gradually removing or replacing lenses, and after a while, through a process of trial and error (and feedback from the client) each individual begins to see more clearly.

Guided discovery works in exactly the same way as the above example. Except, instead of using optical lenses, the CBT therapist helps the client use lenses of perception. Perceiving information is a different way allows each client to access a range of choices in their life, ostensibly, to see their life through different lenses. When we view life in a different way our emotional reaction to events also shifts. These types of continued conscious re-evaluations in CBT are very important because they lay the foundations of future automatic thinking and make relapse less likely.

For the most part, the world of automotive careers remains dominated by men, but there are plenty of opportunities for women as well as reasons why the automotive field is a good place for women to be. Some sectors of the field are majority women, but even outside this range, cars could simply use more females in the garage, the saleroom floor and behind the wheel.

Dispatcher jobs are one of the few places currently dominated by women. Perhaps because switchboard and telephone operators have historically been women or because of a tendency for women to be pushed into social, customer service or people-focused jobs, its not uncommon for dispatcher courses to be full of women.

If women can dispatch vehicles, they can certainly drive them. There is no reason for truck driving or even sitting behind the wheel of a limo to be a male dominated field other than custom. Critics of females in roles like taxi driver point to the risks inherent in working at all hours with strangers, but women already do that in a plethora of jobs from healthcare to food service. Additionally, for women who worry about safety, a female cab driver may even be seen as a positive thing.

On the other hand, cars have increasingly, at least from an owners side, stopped being a male world. The majority of car owners are now women by a small margin, mostly necessitated by the fact that women as well as men work and require transportation. For many purposes male and female car needs are equivalent, though female car buyers favour smaller and more fuel efficient models.

One of the challenges faced by female car buyers is the occasionally accurate perception that they are not taken as seriously and with car prices being partially negotiable, face higher car prices than men. For women looking for an auto career this presents an easy opportunity to go into sales. Since the field is currently male dominated, female auto sales college grads can sell themselves as the more women friendly option to what will be over fifty percent of their client base.

Additionally, garages are starting to open up to women. Long labeled the bastion of he-man misogyny, no professional garage resembled the chauvinistic stereotype anymore. As with the sales floor, female car owners still need to get their cars serviced and sometimes feel like theyre not sure if they can trust their technician. Automotive mechanic training it open to anyone any you may even be able to get special grants for females in trades to help fund your education.

Regardless of what you pick, if youre a woman, theres never been a better time than now to enter the field.

Alpine is turning heads in the world of archery with their signature innovations.

Innovative brand names never fail to devise a clever way to pin their name to the latest “hot” sport. This is marketing wizardry at its finest. Just as the Adidas, New Balance, and Nike conquered their particular niches in the sports world, Alpine has done the same thing as it overwhelmed of the archery world. If you were to ask any professional archer what his brand of bow he prefers, what do you suppose the answer would be? If you guessed Alpine Archery you would be correct!

Alpine Archery has followed the tried and true marketing technique of sponsering the top pro archers by providing them with equipment. Remember “Be like Mike?”

One of the fundamental things that sets Alpine Archery apart from the crowd is staying ahead of the curve where design is concerned. When they unleashed the trend-setting line of Tundra bows, they drew accolades from archers near and far, novice and pro. What makes these bows so revolutionary is that the risers are based on a modular concept. The end result of this design is that the limbs are parallel in nature. This manufacturing concept is actually more efficient, resulting in lowered manufacturing costs. Alpine is passing the savings down to their loyal customers.

The approach Alpine Archery takes to research and development is to first research applicable technology before entering the design phase. They ask the question,”What can we do that will help the archer improve?” In the case of the Tundra, the answer to that question was allow for extensions for the risers. Once they had the goal set in their minds, they entered the design phase. In the case of the Match Grade bows, the answer was to create a bow that prioritized balance by minimalizing vibration and noise. What was the result of the design phase in this case? Slimming down the bow but adding a stability unit and a rest.

But Alpine Archery did not abandon good looks to achieve technological success. As a matter of fact, those in the know consider them to be right at the top of the heap in the world of bows. As it turns out, they look much more expensive than what you will read on the price tag. These bows are truly a marriage of beauty, precision, craftmanship, and affordability. Just using one will mark you as someone who has done his homework and will only settle for the best!

Alpine is no newcomer to the world of archery; they have been working their craft by producing their marvelous and affordable bows for a very long time. This is the reason that they are the envy of their competitors and the pride of their customers.

Ayurveda treatments have four basic forms of therapies, which are medicine or drug therapy, Panchakarma, ayurveda diets or nutritional therapies and rejuvenation therapies. In these basic forms, Panchakarma is the most important and effective therapy to rebuild the healthy lifestyle. Generally, Panchakarma therapies are done in a natural environment under the guidance of good and experienced ayurveda practitioners.

Panchakarma is an ancient form of therapy originated in India. The word panchakarma stands for five actions or techniques. It is a purifying or eliminating therapy to enhance the metabolism of the body and mind by these five actions. Generally panchakarma is done in two ways:

Treating the doshas (toxic materials) in the by natural herbs and medicines.
Eliminating the complete doshas from the body.

Unhealthy lifestyle, stress, strain and changes in climate are the main reasons for various toxins in the body. These toxins have to be removed from body in order to keep the well-being of the body. Ayurveda therapies, especially panchakarma can completely remove these toxins from the body and can keep it healthy and powerful.

The five types of treatments in Panchakarma therapy include:

Vamana Karma (use of emetics) – Vamana Karma is used for ‘Kapha’ disorders like Asthma, Cold, Bronchitis and sinus. It is a medicated therapy which removes Kapha toxins accumulated in the body and the respiratory tract.

Virechana (use of laxatives) – Virechana Karma is used to treat pitta disorders like Hyperacidity, skin disorders, Digestive disorders, ulcer, and Constipation
Basti Karma (medicated enema) – Promotes emission in the colon and thus ensures a good health. It is highly beneficial in cleansing and detoxifying the body.

Nasya Karma (Nasal administration) – Inhalation of herbal steams through the nose, which clears the nasal passages and lungs. It cures the diseases related to head, eyes, nose, etc.
Rakta Mokshana (blood-letting) – In this treatment impure blood from the body is removed by using surgical instruments. This will help to remove the toxins from the blood.

The duration of Panchakarma therapy is typically three to seven days. The physical and mental conditions of a person are considered before prescribing this therapy. Panchakarma is a vital Ayurvedic treatment thus it requires proper guidance and administration and it should not be advised to do with information from a book or article. Sometimes not everyone requires all five forms of panchakarma. So it is recommended that this therapy should undertake with proper observation and supervision by a trained ayurvedic practitioner.

This is physical therapy that is focused on the “whole” body not just on your injury or condition. Your physical therapist should listen to the history of your problem, before performing tests and measures that will thoroughly assess your condition. You may be tested for muscle strength, joint motion, sensory and neurological conditions, coordination and balance tests, and your movement may be observed.

Working closely with you and your doctor, the physical therapist will design for you a complete physical therapy plan that includes therapeutic exercise. Your physical therapy treatment is based on the initial evaluation findings along with ongoing reassessment and evaluation. Treatment may consist of a variety of hands-on joint and soft tissue treatment techniques, exercise techniques and pain reducing modalities.

Physical Therapy Treatments are designed to help you:
Increase motion and strength
Reduce pain
And most importantly, restore function

Patients are typically involved in an active exercise program, and are educated in ways to speed recovery and prevent recurrence of the problem. Your physical therapy program will follow specific protocols or individualized treatment plans with the aim of the physical therapy being the return of your strength, function and mobility.

Therapeutic Exercise From the physical therapy testing, to the specific therapeutic exercise program, you will recognize that physical therapy is a science. Your therapeutic exercise program is your plan for recovery. It is important to have access to the very best equipment.

You will be trained and monitored on the use of all physical therapy equipment to ensure that you are getting the full benefit from your therapeutic exercise program. Therapeutic exercise will help restore your strength, movement, balance, and coordination. You will learn how to deal with your current problem, and how to prevent it in from reoccurring in the future.

The physical therapists at Physical Medicine of NY & CT have combined experience of over 50 years. If you suffer from acute or chronic pain, or are recovering from surgery or an accident, find out more about Physical Therapy that is focused on you from Physical Medicine of NY & CT.

There is great demand of eye care experts and products. The reason is increasing rate of eye care problems. Our modern and fast lifestyle is responsible for several new diseases. Increasing use of computers, televisions, and other radiation equipments results lots of burden on our eyes. These days we cannot imagine our life without computers and televisions. That results eyestrains, dryness, loss of vision, headaches, burning eyes, light sensitivity, and distorted vision etc.

Many eye diseases and disorders come after an age. Advances in ophthalmology allow most people to maintain good vision along with increasing age. Early detection of eye diseases can prevent or correct most of the problems. Taking care of your eyes and getting regular examinations can prevent many leading causes of blindness.

Important points to remember
* Protect eyes from direct sunlight: Ultraviolet rays are harmful for skin and eye both. UV exposure is one of leading causes for vision loss among older adults. The best way to sort out this issue is wearing a pair of sunglasses that is capable of filtering ultraviolet rays.

* Protect eyes from injury: Eyes are most sensitive and injury prone area of human body. There are possibilities of injury when playing sports and during common domestic tasks involving working with chemicals, needles, and car accidents.

* Eye exercise and eye therapy: Prevention is better than cure. The term is well suited in case of eye-care. Its better and more convenient to prevent our self from common eye diseases, than to diagnose the problem.

For more information, queries and purchase eye care products, log on to

A comprehensive ophthalmologic assessment can reveal common abnormalities of the visual system and related structures, as well as less common but extremely serious ones. The assessment can also expose evidence of many forms of systemic disease that affect the eyes, like hypertension and diabetes.

Jekishan.com is a complete eye care services provider, with a strong online presence. Vision of Jekishan states Give our patients the best possible vision performance and subsequent quality of life by providing the best vision and eye healthcare possible.

You can always look for a list of celebrities who get released from jail because it is something simple to find. The list of celebrities only gets longer as time goes by. During 2009, a ton of celebrities were arrested or jailed for various different crimes. This site wasn’t up at the beginning of 2009 so it didn’t catch all that news. Now with 2010 coming our way, and the economy looking as bad as it is now, it looks like a lot more celebs will be jailed.

Just a few simple button clicking through the internet or a few browsing of a newspaper or a magazine and you get to meet the celebrity entertainment article that you are interested about. I’m sure you have always seen the celebrities in videos and you think highly of them but this site can show you that they (just like regular people) can get in trouble with the law too. Their punishments are usually not as intense as those of an average citizen though. It is interesting to note how celebrities are always saying that they don’t want too much attention in public and that they enjoy privacy a lot. But then when they get arrested or jailed, they flaunt out their celebrity status to alleviate their punishment. If you have read this deep into the article then that must mean you are truly interested in visiting the site.

If you have 5 minutes, then just take a quick moment to find out which celebs are in jail and you will already be updated on everything you need to know on whose in jail or arrested. A quick note is that articles that talk about celebrities in jail aren’t racist in anyway, it just so happens that most people who get arrested or jailed are rappers. That’s just the type of people they are I suppose. What’s very interesting though is seeing the people who you don’t expect to get arrested or jailed but they do. There is nothing to lose when reading about the quick jail status of some celebrities.

Skin is the outer membrane of human body and practically it shows the inner beauty of a person. If your skin is dull then it symbolizes that your internal health system is not well. Not only for the bad internal system but also you can have several type of skin problems due to several reasons like; for lack of maintenance or due to the increasing age. If you are looking for best treatment for getting attractive and glowing skin then take a look on the following and get best information about the best skin care treatment.
Best Treatment:
With the advancement of medical science people are getting different type of skin treatment and with the help of those treatment people can easily decrease their age. But the thing is that most of the treatment for best skin glowing is surgical and for this reason if you want to non surgical treatment then you can get rare solution. In case of non surgical skin treatment you can get best solution from the Mosman Skin Care. Here you will have best idea about the different type of skin problems and their treatments. First come to point of acne scar. Basically with the increasing age it is very common to have acne scar and for this treatment you can get different type of cosmetic surgery; but if you are looking for no surgical treatment then you can get best solution from here. Because here you can get different type of facial with the help of those you can easily remove acne and scar from your face. In spite of this due to the excess sun exposing people are facing problem with the sun tan and in that case they can get best tan removing treatment from this skin care. So any kind of skin problem you can get best solution from this skin care.
Other Treatment:
In spite of these one of the most common problems for the increasing is wrinkle. After touching age 35 to 40 most of the people suffer with wrinkle. If you are also going through this problem and looking for best solution then just go and adopt Cremorne Face Lift and get best solution for your wrinkle. With the help of this treatment you can not only get removal of wrinkle bit also you can get glowing skin within very short time. In addition if you are looking for removing unwanted hairs from your body then also you can get best solution from this skin care. Best part of this treatment is that you can get instant result for your treatment for example within 4 to 6 weeks you can get total removal of wrinkle from your face and many others.

Subaquatic treadmills- Aquabilt human powered treadmills can really help in commencing aquatic therapy after knee replacement surgery may lead to better after surgery rehabilitation. Are you familiar with Aquatic therapy? Starting aquatic therapy within eight days after total or partial knee surgery will frequently lead to more appropriate post-surgery results. Following full-blown hip replacement surgery, patients may have better results if they begin aquatic therapy after their wound has healed. Expeditiously beginning aquatic therapy following hip replacement surgery has really shown impressive results.

Using Aquabilt treadmills has demonstrated preferable outcomes for patients after total hip and total knee replacement surgeries. A recent study shows that timing can be urgently important when it comes to post-surgery aquatic therapy. A growing number of studies are substantiating a clinically important effect on the health-related quality of life after [total knee replacement surgery] by a factor that can be influenced by the healthcare professional, according to health therapist’s data.

Subaquatic treadmills similar to the AquacisePro human powered treadmills have become accepted equipment for professional athletes because trainers know they are functional for strength and condition training with little risk for injury and can greatly diminish down time for injured athletes. Aquabilt treadmills are made available by AquacisePro as well as their traders in the U.S. and overseas.

Pro athletes be the only ones to have access to this class of equipment that the rest of us could benefit from? Aquabilt under water non powered treadmills offer a state of the art underwater treadmill to all consumers at any fitness or health level. Using AquacisePro treadmills transforms underused pools into home gyms, providing an unique, low impact, high intensity workout that is perfect for all ages and fitness levels.

The Aquabilt Underwater Treadmill can be put into any in-ground or above-ground pool with a water level up to the mid-chest. It is lightweight, uses no power-driven equipment and is able to be kept in the pool year round or store conveniently in a closet. Different from traditional treadmills, the Aquabilt Underwater Treadmill remains maintenance free in large part due to its robust, motor-less design. Submerged treadmills like the AquacisePro treadmills can really help in commencing aquatic therapy after knee replacement surgery and likely lead to better post surgery rehabilitation.

See this info resource for cost effective aquatic treadmills. Bernhart is a consultant, speaker and author, and is the founder and directing director of a highly regarded newsletter discussing trainging and its impact to athletes, strengthening patients and unconventional endurance sports. Subaquatic treadmills similar to the Aquabilt treadmills can really help in engaging aquatic therapy after total knee replacement surgery and likely lead to better post-surgery rehabilitation.

A woman friend told me her skin is “paper thin,” and bruises, chaps and cuts much too easily.

She’s sharing a common experience. Aging skin loses collagen and elastin, the key proteins that make skin strong and flexible, so the skin gets thinner and begins to sag, creating fine lines, wrinkles and bags under the eyes.

This is what I told my friend: We don’t have to live with skin that’s too thin, fragile and easily damaged. The skin can rebuild its own collagen and elastin, and actually add thickness and suppleness, with good nourishment. The right, nourishing skin care ingredients: that’s how to make aging skin tougher. Because healthy skin cells replace themselves quite rapidly — the life cycle of a typical skin cell is about 30 days — you can do it with surprising speed, too.

I’ll name some of the ingredients that make aging skin tougher — and by the same process, make the skin smoother, softer and looking many years younger.

One of them is a recently-developed ingredient called Cynergy TK.

Cynergy TK contains Functional Keratin. Keratin, a protein, has an important structural role in the skin, hair and nails. The ability to convert natural keratin into a functional form, readily available to the skin, is a recent breakthrough.

Cynergy TK is proven in clinical trials to stimulate the regrowth of collagen and elastin. This increases the thickness of the outer layer of the skin — so, as your collagen and elastin levels increase, wrinkles gradually diminish and disappear.

It also stimulates the regrowth of skin cells, clinical studies have shown. This is because it contains zinc and copper protein complexes, in low concentrations, which are useful for both the repair and maintenance of the skin.

Another major reason why skin loses its vitality, or looks older, is through oxidation, caused particularly by UV exposure and environmental pollutants. Healthy skin cells overcome the effects of oxidative stress by producing antioxidants, which fight harmful free radicals.

Cynergy TK contains potent antioxidants, and also stimulates the body’s own natural antioxidant production.

There’s one more quality of Cynergy TK which is purely cosmetic, but lovely. It reduces the appearance of wrinkles by forming an invisible layer over the surface of your skin. It effectively fills in fine lines and wrinkles — and also refracts light, so your skin looks smoother than it really is.

My website has more nourishing ingredients and tips on how to make aging skin tougher.

Kathryn Lane is a health and nutrition researcher. She says the most valuable and effective products she finds are rarely the most expensive or the most advertised. Check out her website: